I'm not an expert on the question, but I have some experience from a couple of countries, and this year also because my son will start university after the summer and we've been looking at different options with the condition that the studies are in English (because that has been his first "education language" since he was 5 years old).
In France you hardly find any courses given entirely in English, and I am pretty sure that you will not be employed as a full-time university teacher if you are not proficient in French. (The exception is for temporary staff teaching foreign languages, where an intermediate level of French is required.)
Edit: In France it will depend on the type of subject as well as the type of university. At "grandes écoles" there may be some courses given in English if you study "management", business or international affairs, and English as a second languages is mostly obligatory in those schools. I cannot imagine, however, that staff meetings would ever be in English at a French university.
In Spain it is pretty much the same. For state universities at least it is very difficult for anyone not having gone through school and university in Spain to get a job as a university teacher. And if you want to teach at a university in Catalonia, the Basque Country, Valencia or Baleares you will need Spanish and at least an intermediate level in Catalan, Basque, Valencian or Mallorquí. Still, more and more universities propose courses taught partly in English, but by Spanish natives, with the result that you often get courses taught in poor English. (There are of course a lot of Spanish university teachers speaking excellent English, but several writers and academics have criticised the trend to "force" English lessons upon Spanish students, arguing this will only hamper the students progress in the given subject.)
So my son is going to the Netherlands, because there you find lots of courses taught entirely in English. Actually from this year the Netherlands has become the new UK, at least for students from the EU: because of Brexit EU students now have to pay international fees in the UK, while in the Netherlands they pay the same low fees as Dutch nationals do.
Last edited by Ogrim
on Fri Jun 11, 2021 3:03 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Ich grolle nicht