What is the difference?

Ask specific questions about your target languages. Beginner questions welcome!
ckny
Posts: 1
Joined: Fri Jul 26, 2019 8:21 am
Languages: English, German and Spanish

What is the difference?

Postby ckny » Fri Jul 26, 2019 8:51 am

Hi, hello all,

what is the difference between
THAT IS ....
THIS IS ....

or can I use it equally ?

Kind regards,
Chris
0 x

DaveAgain
Blue Belt
Posts: 545
Joined: Mon Aug 27, 2018 11:26 am
Languages: English (native), French (intermediate).
x 938

Re: What is the difference?

Postby DaveAgain » Fri Jul 26, 2019 9:58 am

ckny wrote:Hi, hello all,

what is the difference between
THAT IS ....
THIS IS ....

or can I use it equally ?

Kind regards,
Chris
For physical objects it would be a distance thing: this one here, that one there. When discussing concepts/opinions/events, your choice might just be phrasing.
3 x

User avatar
Lianne
Green Belt
Posts: 383
Joined: Mon Jul 20, 2015 3:29 pm
Location: Canada
Languages: Speaks: English (N)
Actively studying: French (low int), Italian (beginner)
Dabbling in: ASL (beginner)
Wish list: Swedish, Esperanto, Klingon, Brazilian Portuguese
Has also dabbled in: German, Spanish, toki pona, Swahili
Language Log: https://forum.language-learners.org/vie ... p?p=127744
x 980
Contact:

Re: What is the difference?

Postby Lianne » Fri Jul 26, 2019 4:31 pm

DaveAgain wrote:For physical objects it would be a distance thing: this one here, that one there. When discussing concepts/opinions/events, your choice might just be phrasing.

I think the same principle generally applies with less concrete examples.

Example 1:
This is ridiculous. -- This situation/conversation that I am in right now is ridiculous.
That is ridiculous. -- Something I just heard about/a situation happening elsewhere is ridiculous.

Example 2:
This is a good song. -- The song that's playing right now is a good song.
That is a good song. -- A song we're talking about is a good song.

Edit: improved one of my examples.
5 x
: 16 / 366 366 Day Challenge (French)
: 16 / 366 366 Day Challenge (Italian/French)
: 52 / 2500 Reading 2500 pages of French in 2020

Pronouns: she/her

Speakeasy
Black Belt - 2nd Dan
Posts: 2360
Joined: Mon Jul 20, 2015 5:19 pm
Location: Canada (Montréal region)
Languages: English (N), French (C2). Studying: Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Dutch, Polish, and Russian; all with widely varying degrees of application, enthusiasm, and success.
x 6237

Re: What is the difference?

Postby Speakeasy » Fri Jul 26, 2019 6:15 pm

I agree with the explanations provided by DaveAgain and Lianne.
Which Apple.png
Which Apple.png (37.56 KiB) Viewed 205 times

Going beyond the referential uses, “that is” is often used as a shortened form of the expression “that is to say”, which is used an introductory remark to an expanded explanation, often in greater detail, of something that has just been expressed.

English: That is (to say) ...
French: C’est-à-dire ...
German: Das heisst ...


EDITED:
Presentation of "that is (to say)" in English, French, and German.
2 x


Return to “Practical Questions and Advice”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: First1000Hours, zKing and 1 guest